RISE-AFNNET: African Natural Products Network
In the face of rapid population growth, loss of agricultural lands, and insufficient human capacity, RISE-AFNNET works to develop Africa’s rich biodiversity into a natural products industry of social and economic significance. Building on an already active research network of 10 member countries called NAPRECA, RISE-AFNNET expands existing research programs and formalizes educational activities in such natural products (NP) fields as engineering, biochemistry, environmental science, pharmacology, economic development and nutrition. Students work on NP research projects in the context of poverty alleviation, gender equity, and Millennium Development Goals.
Leaders and their Institutions
Academic Director and Secretariat
Dr. Stevens M.B. Kisaka, RISE-AFNNET Project Manager, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and BioSecurity
Makerere University, Uganda
Prof. Stephen Kiama, Acting Director, Wangari Mathaai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies
University of Nairobi, Kenya
Prof. Robinson Mdegela, Department of Veterinary Medicine
Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Blog Entries about RISE-AFNNET
'They Call it the Miracle Drug' (2/12)
'What Was In That Plant? Nobody Knew' (2/12)
Alleviating Joint Pain in Rural Kenya (1/12)
'This Is What My Education Is Meant For' (1/12)
A Lesson from Chimpanzees? (12/11)
A Sound Grounding in Natural Products (12/11)
From Student to Advisor, Via RISE (12/11)
Commiphora vs. Newcastle Disease (12/11)
A Chemist's Research on Newcastle Disease Leads to Patents (12/11)
Bringing More Rigor to the Herbal Community (12/11)
Hot Peppers for Better Chicken (12/11)
Seeking an Herbal Cure for Arthritis (2/10)
Building Partnerships with Traditional Healers (1/10)
Safe, Efficacious, and Affordable' (12/09)
The Dangerous Side of NP Research (12/09)
'What Magic is That?' (11/09)
A Resource for Uganda, 'Where the Poor Are So Many' (11/09)
Can a New Tea Stave Off Malaria? (11/09)
The Ambitions of AFNNET: Natural Products and Beyond (11/09)
November 2013: Carnegie Corporation of New York's Andrea Johnson visited Makerere and met with RISE Phd students, providing advice on challenges they face.
October 2013: RISE-AFNNET held a review meeting at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies in Nairobi on the 27th-29th of September, 2013). Attending were Dr.Dominic Ochwang'i, Ms. Janet Ndoro\, Prof. David Kabasa, Dr. Gaymary Bakari, Dr. Catherine Kaluwa, Mr. Patrick Ogwang, Prof. Stephen Kiama, Prof. Robinson Mdegela and Dr. Stevens Kisaka. At the end of October, RISE-AFNNET attended the annual RISE meeting in Johannesburg.
September 2013: Dr. Catherine Kaluwa and Dr. Johnson Nasimolo attended the 19th International Scientific Conference on Basic and Clinical Research for improved Health on September 11th - 13th 2013 at the Southern Sun Mayfair, Nairobi, Kenya. Dr. Nasimolo presented his research entitled: "Erythrina Abyssinica amelioriates Neuroinflammation in African Trypanosomiasis mouse model” (Poster Presentation). See photos from the conference here.
Dr. Johnson Nasimolo also attended the First International OCHEA One Health Conference in Addis Ababa from 23-27 Sept 2013 and presented his work there.
August 2013: Patrick Ogwang is featured in a short documentary on Artavol - the subject of his research for his PHD through RISE-AFNNET. Patrick visited SIG staff on August 13th and 14th in Princeton.
Patrick's research has been picked up by the (US) National Association of Science Writers. He has also made presentations to the Ugandan Minister in charge of Investments at the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development on his research and on Artavol.
RISE-AFNNET's Karambu Muriithi graduated with an MSc from the University of Nairobi on August 23, 2013. A photo of Karambu with her advisor Stephen Kiama is below. Her Master of Science thesis is entitled “Ethnobotanical uses and phytochemical analysis of Cyperus articulatus from Tharaka Meru”.
P. Ssajjakambwe, C. Setumba, S. Kisaka, G. Bahizi, P. Vudriko, J.D. Kabasa and J.B. Kaneene. Creating Open Education Resources for Teaching and Community Development through Action Research: The Milk Production and Hygiene Module. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks. ISSN 1092-8235. Volume 17, Issue 2 - July 2013.
J.B. Kaneene, S. Kisaka, P. Ssajjakambwe, R. Miller and J.D. Kabasa. Creating Open Education Resources for Teaching and Community Development through Action Research: An Overview of the Makerere AgShare Project. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks. ISSN 1092-8235. Volume 17, Issue 2 - July 2013.
C Kaluwa Kaingu, JA Oduma, JM Mbaria and SG Kiama. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for the management of male sexual dysfunction and infertility in Tana river county, Kenya. The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine 119: 453-463. 2013.
CK Kaluwa, Oduma JA, Mbaria JM and Kiama SG. Medicinal plants traditionally used for the management of female reproductive health dysfunction in Tana River County, Kenya. Tang international Journal of Genuine Traditional Medicine Volume 3 / Issue 2, 35-44. 2013.
D. Ochwang’i, C. Kimwele, SG Kiama and N. Rice. Transcriptional regulation of Rat Endothelial Nitric Oxide Promoter in Pulmonary Myofibroblasts cells and its implications in Pulmonary Fibrosis. African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics Vol. 2 No. 1 Pages 1-8. 2013.
R. Nalubega. Ethnobotanical uses of Lantana trifolia l. and Sida cuneifolia roxb. in Mukungwe and Wabinyonyi sub-counties, Central Uganda. Nutritional and medicinal plants in natural products development and drug discovery: NAPRECA Dissemination Conference. Kampala, Uganda. July 2013.
J. Namukobe. Antiplasmodial cycloartane triterpenes from the leaves of Neoboutonia macrocalyx. Nutritional and medicinal plants in natural products development and drug discovery: NAPRECA Dissemination Conference, Kampala. July 2013.
K. Murriithi. Investigation of 4 Kenyan plants of the family Cyperaceae and specifically ethno-botanical uses of Cyperus articulatus. 16th ANNUAL Conference held at the Agricultural Research College - Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops. Nelspruit, South Africa, July 1-4, 2013. A report by K. Muriithi is available on the AFNNET University of Nairobi website here.
Christine Kyarimpa is finishing up her Robert McNamara Fellowship (funded by the World Bank). She has been visiting the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences BOKU in Vienna, Austria and being advised by Professor Thomas Rosenau.
Ms. Karambu Murethi was invited to attend and present her work at the Indigenous Plant Use Forum (IPUF). The Conference took place from 1st to 4th July 2013 and was hosted at the Agricultural Research College-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops in Nelspruit Mpumalanga province in South Africa. The main theme of the meeting was “contribution of indigenous plants towards a sustainable future”. Ms. Karambu’s presentation was on the theme of pesticides and Biopesticides with her title being “Investigation of four Kenyan plants of the family Cyperaceae and specifically ethno-botanical uses of Cyperus articulatus.”
Research scientists were encouraged to direct their research on areas such as African Aromatic and cosmetic plants use in Perfumery beauty care and wellness, Aromatic compounds, Indigenous Veterinary care, Nutritional uses of indigenous plants, among others. The photo below shows Karambu (3rd from left) & students from other parts of Africa at the Timbali incubator in Nelspruit, South Africa.
|Dr. Johnson Nasimolo, RISE-AFNNET fellow, has been invited and awarded a travel grant by the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa/ International Brain Research Orgnization (SONA/IBRO) to present his research entitled: "Erythrina Abyssinica amelioriates Neuroinflammation in African Trypanosomiasis mouse model" at the 11th SONA International Conference in Rabat Morocco, from 13th-18th June 2013. Photos from the conference on the AFNNET University of Nairobi website here.|
|Dr Zachary Rukenya (photo at left) and Dr Ronald Okindo attended and presented papers at The Kenya Veterinary Association 47th Annual Scientific Conference between 23rd and 28th April 2013 at Whitesands Hotel, Mombasa. The theme of the conference was “One Health Training and Practice”. Dr Rukenya presented his paper on “In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Aloe turkanensis, an Ethnomedical Herbal Remedy Used in Turkana”.|
|Dr Okindo presented his paper on the "Efficacy, phytochemistry and safety of a medicinal plant used in Kenya for oral health (Vernonia hymenolepis)".|
|Dr Daniel W. Gakuya (RISE postdoc) also attended The Kenya Veterinary Association 47th Annual Scientific Conference and presented "The effect of supplementation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal in broiler chicken feed."|
Dorothy Nampanzira has retured from the Tufts Environmental Literacy Institute (TELI), Tufts University, USA, Boston. She underwent training focused on enhancing faculty environmental literacy with a view of incorporating the covered themes into existing research and curricular at Makerere University.
Lydia Bunalema presented the results of the ethnobotanical survey under “Antimycobacterial activity and phytochemistry of some medicinal plants used locally in central Uganda” in a conference themed “Clinical trials in natural products” and organized by Multidisciplinary University Traditional Health Initiative (MUTHI).
PhD students at Makerere University have completed the training on Human subjects protection organised by the Uganda National Council of Science and Technology.
Proceedings and abstracts from the RISE-AFNNET University of Nairobi Node workshop on October 26-27, 2012 are now available here.
RISE-AFNNET PhD student Dorothy Nampanzira is visiting Tufts University in the United States for a two week training workshop at the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy (CIERP).
F. Mabiki, R.H. Mdegela, R.D. Mosha and J.J. Magadula. Antiviral Activity of Crude Extracts Of Synadenium glaucescens (Pax) Against Infectious Bursal Disease And Fowlpox Virus. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research Vol. 7(14), pp. 871-876,
DOI 10.5897/JMPR12.777. April 2013.
F. Mabiki, R.H. Mdegela, R.D. Mosha and J.J. Magadula. In Ovo Antiviral activity of Synadenium glaucescens (pax) crude extracts on Newcastle disease virus. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research. Vol. 7(14), pp. 863-870, 10 April, 2013. DOI: 10.5897/JMPR12.684.
AFNNET PhD recipient Patrick Ogwang featured in a Slate magazine article about anti-malarial tea.
J.A. Nasimolo. Erythrina abyssinica ameliorates meningoencephalitis and conserves proteins in Trypanosoma brucei brucei chronic mouse model (page 56). 15th International Neuroscience Winter Conference Sölden, Austria. April 9-13, 2013.
Professor John David Kabasa participates in the first BBC Science Festival in Uganda.
D. Nampanzira. Developing a generic feeding model for improving goat production in Semi-arid agro pastoral systems of Africa – part 1- supply model. Makerere-Carnegie NGAA Dissemination Conference at Makerere University. Kampala, Uganda. March 14-15, 2013.
G.G. Bakari, R.A. Max, R.H. Mdegela, E.C.J. Phiri and M.M.A. Mtambo. Effect of resinous extract from Commiphora swynnertonii (Burrt) on NDV infected chickens. International Journal of Medicinal Plants Research ISSN: ISSN: 2169-303X Vol. 2 (2), pp. 156-161, February, 2013.
RISE-AFNNET MSc graduate Angela Mbabazi featured in East African BusinessWeek.
D. Nampanzira. Developing a generic feeding model for improving goat production in Semi-arid agro pastoral systems of Africa – part 1- supply model. East African Regional Scientific Workshop on Natural Products research, Imperial Royale Hotel, Kampala. February 15, 2013.
We had a fellows' conference yesterday. It was opened by Prof. George Nasinyama (first photo), the Deputy Director Directorate of Graduate Training, MAK. Dr. Tade was in MAK but was too engaged to attend the Conference which was in town. All our students managed to share their progress and results coupled with constructive comments.
The Cross-Node Supervisors also had sessions with the students they supervise to iron out issues that could not be attended to on-line. AFNNET had an all-node management meeting too.
Gabrielle Kelly from "OtherWise" conducted interviews with the Project Staff, Students (second photo) and Supervisors (third photo).
D.W. Gakuya, S.M. Itonga, J.M. Mbaria, J.K. Muthee, and J.K. Musau. Ethnobotanical survey of biopesticides and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Meru Central district of Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145(2)547-553. Jan 2013.
D.W. Gakuya. Zoonotic diseases in wild and domestic animal in East Africa. Inter-University Workshop to nurture collaboration, curriculum review, co-teaching and partnerships. Panari Hotel, Nairobi. January 21-24, 2013.
C. Kyarimpa. Insecticidal activity of indigenous plant species: evaluation of potency and structural elucidation. Building sustainable research capacity on plants for better public health in Africa. Kampala. January 2013.
Patrick Ogwang (PhD, MAK) is writing a Book Chapter with Title: “Whole plant approaches to therapeutic use of Artemisia annua” together with Pamela Weathers, Pierre Lutgen and Ahmed Hassanali.
Dorothy Nampanzira has been awarded a Carnegie Corporation of New York small grant through the School of Graduate Studies, Makerere University. She traveled to the University of Nairobi to access equipment for her research there.
"A 'vaccine' against malaria from Africa: ARTAVOL®." Malaria World. Dec 2012.
J.M.Nguta; J.M.Mbaria; D.W.Gakuya; P.K.Gathumbi; J.D.Kabasa; S.G.Kiama. Evaluation of Acute Toxicity of Crude Plant Extracts from Kenyan Biodiversity using Brine Shrimp, Artemia salina L. (Artemiidae). The Open Conference Proceedings Journal, 2012, 3, 30-34.
November 2012: Mr Vitus A. Nyigo received training on Formulation of Natural products at the Council for Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa for three months (August-November 2012). Specific objectives were to: Gain experience in natural products techniques and product formulation; Conduct some biological assays of the extracts and establish collaborative research initiatives. While attending the couse, Mr. Nyigo presented a seminar on “Investigations for chemical and anti-ectoparasitic potentials of Synadenium glaucescens in Tanzania”.
Jane Namukobe has spent 2 months in France finishing her PhD and laboratory work through a grant from Makerere's School of Graduate Studies.
Kavoi B. M, Makanya A. N, Kiama S. G. 2012. Anticancer Drug Vinblastine Sulphate Induces Transient Morphological Changes on the Olfactory Mucosa of the Rabbit. Anat Histol Embryol. 2012 Oct; 41(5):374-8.
Bakari, G.G., Max, R.A., Mdegela, R.H., Phiri, E.C.J., and Mtambo, M.M.A. Antiviral activity of crude extracts from Commiphora swynnertonii against Newcastle disease virus in ovo. Tropical Animal Health and Production, DOI 10.1007/s11250-012-0076-6. Oct 2012.
Christine Kyarimpa was awarded an Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Associate Program fellowship for 2012, and she is finishing that up this month. The program takes place in the UK and the Netherlands. See a list of 2012 fellows here.
The University of Nairobi node held a two day meeting for all RISE members on campus. A photo from the meeting is below. A write-up of the meeting is available on the AFNNET University of Nairobi website here.
Ashley W. Seifert, Stephen G. Kiama, Megan G. Seifert, Jacob R. Goheen, Todd M. Palmer and Malcolm Maden (2012). Skin shedding and tissue regeneration in African spiny mice (Acomys). Nature. 2012 Sep 27; 489(7417):561-5.
Dr. Shabani Mshamu attended the NAPRECA Summer School at the Institut Malgache de Recherches Appliquées (IMRA), in Antananarivo, Madagascar from 8th to 13th September 2012. The focus for his training was on the use of the Chameleon Multiplate Reader for in vitro biological screening, Behavioural pharmacology and Exploratory and advanced drug development. While attending the course he presented a seminar on “Potential of Commiphora swynnertonii extracts as alternative to antimicrobial feed additives in poultry production”.
AFNNET's Professor Stephen Kiama co-authors a major Nature paper on tissue regeneration in mice. September 27 2012.
S.G. Kiama. Adapting to climate change and responsible stewardship of environment for sustainable development. World Youth Alliance Africa, Kenya International Convention Center. August 29, 2012.
Kaluwa Kaingu C, Oduma JA, Kanui T. Preliminary investigation of contractile activity of Ricinus communis and Euclea divinorum extracts on isolated rabbit uterine strips. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jul 13;142(2):496-502.
J.M.Nguta, J.M.Mbaria, D.W.Gakuya, P.K.Gathumbi, J.D.Kabasa and S.G.Kiama. Cytotoxicity of Antimalarial Plant Extracts from Kenyan biodiversity to the Brine Shrimp, Artemia salina L. (Artemiidae). Drugs and Therapy Studies, July 2012.
Mtanga, Festo. Control of fish diseases in aquaculture using Commiphora spp in Tanzania. Joint DelPHE (Development Partnership in Higher Education) Workshop held at Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). 24th - 26th July 2012.
Mbunde, Mourice. Socio-economic value and antioxidant potential of Tamarindus indica in Eastern and Central zones of Tanzania. Joint DelPHE (Development Partnership in Higher Education) Workshop held at Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). 24th - 26th July 2012.
Mshamu, Shabani. Reducing Antibiotic Use in Poultry through application of Commiphora sywnnertonii (Burtt) in feeds. Joint DelPHE (Development Partnership in Higher Education) Workshop held at Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). 24th - 26th July 2012.
Ogwang Patrick E., Ogwal Jasper O., Kasasa Simon, Olila Deogratius, Ejobi Francis, Kabasa David and Obua Celestino. Artemisia Annua L. Infusion Consumed Once a Week Reduces Risk of Multiple Episodes of Malaria: A Randomised Trial in a Ugandan community. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Jun 2012; 13 (3): 445-453.
Kavoi, B. M., Makanya, A. N. Plendl J., Kiama S. G. Morphofunctional Adaptations of the Olfactory Mucosa in Postnatally Developing Rabbits. Anatomical Records (Hoboken). Jun 2012; 295(8):1352-63.
Nasimolo, Johnson. Migration of Trypanosoma brucei brucei into the brain. 2nd East Africa Neuroscience conference, 18th – 19th June 14, 2012, Nairobi Kenya.
May 2012: All MAK-AFNNET PhD Fellows have finished a 2 weeks training in Philosophy of Method in Makerere University. Covered areas included: Human creative process, Cognitive growths, The scientific method, Methods and ethics, Critical issues in research and From skill to attitude. SIDA accepted to support the AFNNET students.
Ms Dorothy Nampanzira has been selected to attend a scientific proposal writing workshop organised by IFS / IRD for young scientists in Nairobi, Kenya. This will take place between 28th May and 1st June 2012.
The University of Surrey, UK has accepted Ms Christine Kyarimpa’s request to do her PhD Laboratory Analysis from its facilities. She will be in Surrey between August and October 2012.
Kaahwa Enid will present her proposal entitled "Antimicrobial efficacy and phytochemical composition of selected medicinal plants used in treatment of gastrointestinal conditions in man in Hoima District" on Wednesday, 30th May, 2012 at Makerere University. She will thereafter start data collection.
Nguta, J. Natural products: an exciting source of new pharmacophores against malaria. The 8th Biennial Scientific Conference and the 46th Kenya Veterinary Association Annual Scientific Conference held at Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, from 25th to 27th April 2012.
Gakuya, D.W. The potential use of moringa oleifera lam. as poultry feed supplement in Kenya. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 8th Biennial Scientific Conference and the 46th Kenya Veterinary Association scientific conference held on 25-27th April 2012 at Safari Park Hotel , Nairobi-Kenya.
Nguta, J. Cytotoxicity of antimalarial plant extracts from Kenyan biodiversity to the Brine Shrimp, Artemia salina L. (Artemiidae). The 8th Biennial Scientific Conference and the 46th Kenya Veterinary Association Annual Scientific Conference held at Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, from 25th to 27th April 2012.
Kavoi B. M, Makanya A. N, Kiama S. G. Anticancer Drug Vinblastine Sulphate Induces Transient Morphological Changes on the Olfactory Mucosa of the Rabbit. Anat Histol Embryol. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0264.2012.01147.x. Mar 2012.
Bakari, G.G., Max, R.A., Mdegela, R.H., Phiri, E.C.J., and Mtambo, M.M.A. Effect of Crude Extracts from Commiphora swynnertonii (Burtt) against selected microbes of animal health importance. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6: DOI: 10.5897/JMPR 11. 1650. Mar 2012.
Bakari, G.G., Max, R.A., Mdegela, R.H., Phiri, E.C.J and Mtambo, M.M.A. Effect of resinous extract from Commiphora swynnertonii (Burtt) on experimental coccidial infection in chickens. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. Mar 2012.
Kiama, S.G. Critique of the paper entitled “Forms of Education and Formation of the Youth in Ecologically Conscious Technologies and Their role in Development and Peace Building Processes in Africa" by Evaristus O. Ekweume. Hekima College. 12th Hekima College Symposium: Ecology In Dialogue With Technology, Peace Building And Development. March 6, 2012.
Nguta, J. Cytotoxicity of antimalarial plant extracts from Kenyan Biodiversity to the Brine Shrimp, Artemia salina L. (Artemiidae). The 4th International Conference on Drug Discovery and Therapy (4th ICDDT) 2012, at Dubai men’s college, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, February 12th- 15th, 2012, Dubai, UAE.
January 2012: Immaculate Nakalembe graduated last week from Makerere. During the graduation, President Kibaki of Kenya was awarded a Honarary Doctorate. For Immaculate's PhD citatation, Carnegie, SIG and AFNNET received mentions (see program here).
Gakuya, D.W. Cultivation and evaluation of moringa oleifera products for livestock nutrition in Kenya. Chak Place, Nairobi. 6th December 2011.
Mabiki, F.P., Mdegela R.H., Mosha R.D. and Magadula, J.J. Towards Commercialization and Sustainable Utilization of Synadenium glaucescens in Iringa Region, Tanzania. Proceedings of the 8th TAWIRI Scientific Conference. Dec 2011.
The Covabian: COVAB Hosts the RISE Annual Meeting. Nov 2011; page 6.
Nguta, J.M. Ethnopharmacology and Toxicology of Antimalarial Plants used traditionally in Msambweni, Kenya. PhD Thesis, University of Nairobi, 2011.
Sikitu Simon. Assessment of nutritive value of Commiphora swynnertonii and its effects on cholesterol levels in Rattus rattus. MSc Dissertation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2011.
Mabula Masunga. Assessment and characterization of food types consumed by Hadzabe hunter-gatherer nomads in Meatu and Karatu districts, Northern Tanzania. MSc Dissertation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2011.
Gakuya D. W, Mbaria J. M., Kiama S. G., Gatrhumbi P. K., Mathiu M., Nguta J. M., (2011). Ethnoveterinary Medicine: The prospects of Integrating Medicinal Plants products in Veterinary Medicine in Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian 35 (2) 67-76.
Nguta J.M., Mbaria J.M., Gakuya D.W. Gathumbi P.K., Kabasa J. D., Kiama S.G. (2011) Biological screening of Kenyan medicinal plants using artemia salina L. (Artemiidae). Pharmacologyonline 2: 458-478.
I. K. Nakalembe. Antimicrobial activity and biochemical constituents of selected medicinal mushrooms of Mid-Western Uganda. PhD thesis. Makerere University.
Sokoine University of Agriculture Updates
Patents: In Tanzania, 4 patents have been developed, of which 3 have been approved by the National Business Registration and Licensing Agency (BRELA). The fourth patent document is under review. The following are titles of the approved and registered patents:
i. Use of crude extract from Synadenium glaucescens for treatment of poultry viral diseases.
ii. Application of crude extracts from Synadenium glaucescens for wound healing and control of bacterial and fungal diseases.
iii. Control of Newcastle disease in poultry using Commiphora swynnertonii crude extracts.
Progress for MSc students: SUA node is recruiting five (5) MSc students. Mr. Mabula Masunga, Ms Sikitu Simon and Mr. Jangson Ngabo started their MSc programmes in 2009. Two of them, Mr. Mabula Masunga and Ms Sikitu Simon have received their MSc awards during the graduation in November 2011. Mr. Jangson Ngabo is progressing with final experiments and preparations of the dissertation. The new students who joined the programme this year are Mr. Mourice Mbunde and Festo Mtanga.
Progress for PhD students: SUA node is now recruiting 4 PhD students namely, Ms Faith Mabiki, Dr. Gaymary Bakari, Mr. Vitus Nyigo and Dr. Shaban Mshamu. Faith and Gaymary are now through with filed and laboratory experiments. They are now writing their thesis and manuscripts for publications in peer reviewed journals. Mr. Shaban Mshamu and and Vitus Nyigo are now working on the registration formalities and development of proposals.
Regional MSc: At SUA, the regional MSC program was advertised in September 2011. Three applicants were shortlisted and were given admission to pursue studies from October 2011. Short listed students have reported and have started attending the classes.
Visits: Sokoine University of Agriculture was privileged to receive Mr. Alan Anderson during 18th – 19th October 2011. He also held meetings with supervisors for students in the network, the Head of Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health that hosts the MSc programme in Natural Products Technologies and Value Addition; the Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, The Director, Directorate of Research and Postgraduate Studies; and the Deputy Vice Chancellor, Administration and Finance. During his visit, he held meetings with MSc students who were available and all new and ongoing PhD students. Central theme to the meetings was Research in Natural Products technologies for development, research into use and translation of the research findings into use especially in rural areas where over 80% of Tanzanians live.
University of Nairobi student Nasimolo Johnson attended the 27th IBRO-UNESCO-ISN School of Neuroscience that was held in Fez Morocco at Menzeh-Zalagh Hotel from October 29 to November 4, 2011. The school was conducted by faculty members from Morocco, France, UK, Switzerland, Kenya, Senegal, Italy and Canada. A total of 30 students attended from different parts of Africa, namely five (5) from South Africa, three (3) from Nigeria, two (2) each from Ethiopia and Cameroon, one (1) each from Zimbabwe, Algeria, Egypt and Kenya, and the rest from Morocco.
Nasimolo, Johnson. Evaluation of erythrina abyssinica and polygonum senegalense extracts in neuroinflammation. 27th IBRO-UNESCO-ISN School of Neuroscience, Fez, Morocco. October 29 to November 4, 2011.
The University of Nairobi MSc Students presented their proposals in a seminar last week (see attached announcement). The proposals have been approved by the Faculty and they are now waiting for the approval by the Board of Postgraduate studies.
Catherine Kaluwa proposal has been approved by the Board of Postgraduate studies and she is due to travel to the field to correct plant materials for laboratory analysis.
Nguta, J.M. Toxicity of crude plant extracts and antitumor drugs in the brine shrimp bioassay. First International Conference on Pathogens at the Human-Animal Interface (ICOPHAI): Impact, Limitations and Needs in Developing Countries in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. September 15-17, 2011.
Wambugu S.N., Mathiu P.M., Gakuya D.W., Kanui T.I., Kabasa J.D, Kiama S.G. (Sept 2011) Medicinal plants used in the treatment of joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137: 945-955.
Stangeland, T., Tabuti, J., Lye, K.A. The framework tree species approach to conserve medicinal trees in Uganda. Jul 2011. Agroforestry Systems 82, 275-284.
Kampire E, Kiremire BT, Nyanzi SA, Kishimba M. Organochlorine pesticide in fresh and pasteurized cow's milk from Kampala markets. Jul 2011. Chemosphere. 2011, 84(7):923-7.
Mabiki, Faith. Bioactivity Studies of Extracts and Compounds from Synadenium glaucescens pax. Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM), Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. 29th July 2011.
Ogwang Patrick E., Ogwal Jasper O., Kasasa Simon, Ejobi Franics, Kabasa David, Obua Celestino. Use of artemisia annua L. Infusion for Malaria Prevention: Mode of Action and Benefits in a Ugandan Community. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 1(4): 124-132, Jul 2011.
Lawrence, L. Assessment of bee forage plant and honey quality characteristics in tobacco and Non tobacco growing areas of West Nile,Uganda. 23 Jun 2011, Napreca - Uganda chapter forum.
Namukobe, J. Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda. 23 Jun 2011, Napreca- Uganda chapter forum.
Ogwang, P. Modified extract of Artemisia annua L. could provide an effective and affordable product for mass malaria prevention. Uganda Society for Health Scientists Conference in Kampala. 17 Jun 2011.
Mdegela, Robinson H. Overview of AFNNET at Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA). June 2011.
Namukobe J., Kasenene J. M., Kiremire B. T., Byamukama R., Kamatenesi-Mugisha M., Krief S., Dumontet V. and J.D. Kabasa. Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector Kibale National Park, Uganda. J. Ethnopharmacology, 136 (1) 236-245. Jun 2011.
Nguta J.M., Mbaria P. K., Gathumbi P.K., Gakuya D. W., Kabasa J. D., Kiama S. G. (Jun 2011). Ethnodiagnostic skills of the Digo community for malaria: A lead to traditional bioprospecting. Frontiers in Pharmacology 2: 1-14.
Byamugisha, T. Quantitative determination of artemisinin yield in Artemisia annua Linn cultivated in selected parts of Uganda. NAPRECA workshop on 23rd June 2011, Makerere University, JICA building.
Jordheim M., Byamukama R., Andersen O.M., Skaar I., Mbabazi A. and B. Kiremire. New anthocyanidin and Anthocyanin Pigments from Blue Plumbago flowers. Accepted May 2011 (published Feb 2012): Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
|RISE-AFNNET held a regional one day Phase II Inception Workshop in Kampala Uganda on Friday 29th, April, 2011. It served to unveil the 2011-2013 action plan to the stakeholders. The Internal M&E report for the previous phase was also presented by the Secretariat with highlighted areas of improvement.|
Minzangi K., Kaaya A.N., Kansiime F., Tabuti J.R.S., Samvura B. and O. Grahl-Nielsen. Fatty acid composition of seed oils from selected wild plants of Kahuzi-Biega National Park and surroundings, Democratic Republic of Congo. Apr 2011. African Journal of Food Science 5(4), 219 – 226.
Mabiki Faith. Case Study 4 – Natural Product Extracts Show Bioactivity in Wealth Not Waste: Green science and engineering for sustainable growth in Africa. Pan Africa Chemistry Network. April 2011.
Tabuti J.R.S., Muwanika V. B., Arinaitwe M.Z. and Tamara Ticktin. Conservation of Priority Woody Species on Farmlands: A Case Study from Nawaikoke Subcounty, Uganda. April 2011. Applied Geography 31, 456-462.
Odongo C.O., Musisi N.L., Waako P.J., and Celestino Obua. Chewing-stick practices using plants with anti-streptococcal activity in a Ugandan rural community. Frontiers in Pharmacology 01/2011; 2:13. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2011.00013. Mar 2011.
1. The MSc NP class at University of Nairobi is progressing well.
2. The MSc NP Program at Makerere University was advertised in the National Newspapers and prospective students are in the application process. Scholarships will then be announced based on the admission outcome.
3. PhD student recruitment is underway in the 3 nodes of the network.
4. We are organising a Phase II inception workshop slated for end of March 2011.
Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resources and Development/AFRISA, an autonomous agency at Makerere University, established by RISE-AFNNET leaders. AFRISA is a platform to drive Academic-Community-Public-Private Partnerships for sustainable and transformative research, innovations and skills in various sectors including NP.
Minzangi K., Kaaya A.N., Kansiime F., Tabuti J.R.S. and Baswira Samvura. Oil content and physicochemical characteristics of some wild oilseed plants from Kivu region Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Jan 2011. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(2), 189-195.
Namukobe, J. Phytochemical and antiplasmodial studies of selected medicinal plants used by humans and chimpanzees in and around Kibale National Park, Uganda. 22 Jan 2011.
PJ Waako, RN Nsubuga, P. Sebulime and JRS Tabuti. Practice and prospects of indigenous homestead based approaches to prevention of malaria; a case study of a high malaria transmission area in Uganda. Scientific Research and Essays Vol. 5 (24), pp. 3950-3954, 18 December, 2010.
PhD Student Joseph Nguta:
1. One paper has been published entitled “Antimalarial herbal remedies of Msambweni, Kenya”, Journal of Ethnopharmacology 128,(2010) 424-432. This work has been recognized by Carnegie Corporation of New York, under Carnegie News on March 24th, 2010. The work is Pubmed indexed and has also been cited in Scopus.
2. Second paper has been published entitled “Traditional antimalarial phytotherapy remedies used by the South Coast community, Kenya” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131 (2010) 256–267.
3. Third manuscript under preparation is entitled “Ethnodiagnostic skills of the Digo community for malaria: A lead to traditional bioprospecting” to be submitted for peer review in the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (Biomed Central).
4. Fourth manuscript under preparation entitled “Ethnobotanical survey of folk toxic plants in South Coast, Kenya” to be submitted for peer review in Toxicon Journal.
5. Three thesis chapters have been written to completion addressing the first objective. The fourth chapter on the same objective is being written.
Nguta has presented his findings regionally and internationally as described below:
Natural products from plant biodiversity and malaria: The 12th International Symposium on Natural Product Chemistry and Related Biological Sciences, International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Pakistan during November 22-25, 2010.
PhD student: Stanley Wambugu
1. A draft manuscript has been submitted to the Journal of Ethnophamacology, entitled “Medicinal Plants used in the Treatment of Joint Pains and Rheumatoid Arthritis in Machakos and Makueni districts, Kenya." He is currently doing corrections, hoping to resubmit the paper soon.
2. Extraction of the most commonly used anti-arthritic medicinal plants used in the study have been done. These include aqueous (processed by freeze-drying) and organic (Dichloromethane-Methanol, processed by cold maceration then rotary evaporation) extracts.
PhD student: Gaymary Bakari
• She has just finished the in-vitro testing of antiviral and antibacterial activities of extracts from Commiphora swynertonii using chicken model. She has obtained good results from her studies that have prompted the application for patenting of the plant extracts for antiviral and antibacterial properties.
• She has submitted 2 manuscripts for publication in peer reviewed journals.
PhD Student: Faith Mabiki
• She has optimized extraction conditions for most of the active extracts and continues with isolation of pure compounds from the extracts. She has submitted applications for patenting the antiviral ability of the extracts. She has been in Ethiopia for one week where she attended the first Pan African Green Chemistry Congress under financial support of the Royal Chemistry Society (RCS). During the workshop she joined other chemists from the globe discussing the role of natural products in green chemistry, in which she made an excellent oral presentation.
• She has submitted 2 manuscripts for publication in peer reviewed journals.
MSc Student: Nasimolo Johnson
• He has completed his proposal development and presented it to the Faculty. The proposal will be forwarded to the board of postgraduate studies through the Dean of Faculty for registration next week.
• He attended a Carnegie Corporation meeting on "Developing and Retaining the Next Generation of African Academics: Excellence, Retention, and Sustainability," which took place on November 15-16, 2010 in Nairobi.
MSc student: Clare Njoki Kimani
• She has successfully defended her proposal to the Faculty and was subsequently registered by the Board of Postgraduate Studies, University of Nairobi. The first phase of the study, an Ethnopharmacological survey, is scheduled to start in January of 2011.
Curriculum update: The curriculum for Masters of Science (MSc) in Natural products Technology and Value Addition at Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) has been approved by the Senate Postgraduate Studies Committee. The programme is waiting for the final approval by the University Senate.
Visits at Sokoine University of Agriculture: In November 2010, SUA Node was visited by the CR-AFNNET secretariat, represented by project manager Dr. Stevens Kisaka and Node leader for Makerere University Dr. Samuel Okello. While at SUA, they held meetings/discussions with supervisors of MSc and PhD students, PhD students working on natural products in the project, and the university management that included the Head of Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health (hosting department of this project) and the Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. In addition, they visited the main laboratory for Natural Products.
Nguta J.M. Natural products from plant biodiversity and malaria. The 12th International Symposium on Natural Product Chemistry and Related Biological Sciences. International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Pakistan. November 22-25, 2010.
Prof. Stephen Kiama attended the annual United Nations meeting and the 2010 Clinton Global Initiative meeting with Prof. Wangari Maathai to announce the launch of the Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies at the University of Nairobi.
Nguta J.M., Mbaria J.M., Gakuya D.W., Gathumbi P.K., Kiama S.G. (Sept 2010) Traditional antimalarial phytotherapy remedies used by the South coast community, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131: 256-67.
Andersen O.M., Jordheim M., Byamukama R., Mbabazi A., Ogweng G., Skaar I. and B. Kiremire. Anthocyanins with unusual furanose sugar (apiose) from leaves of Synadenium grantii (Euphorbiaceae). Sept 2010. Journal of Phytochemistry Volume 71, page 1558–1563.
Lamorde M., Tabuti J.R.S., Obua C., Kukunda-Byobona C., Lanyero H., Byakika-Kibwika P., Bbosa G.S., Lubega A., Ogwal-Okeng J., Ryan M., Waako P.J. and Concepta Merry. Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and related conditions in Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology (impact factor: 2.32). 05/2010; DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2010.04.004. Jul 2010.
May 2010: On April 30th, we held a successful National Stakeholders' workshop and launched the Natural Products Forum of Uganda (agenda here). It consisted of Academics, Government Departments and Private Sector (Manufacturers, Growers, Pharmacists and Traders).
The workshop was opened by Prof. Lillian Ekirikubinza (read remarks here) and closed by the Minister of State for Health, Dr. Richard Nduhura.
Students and Manufacturers were given opportunity to display the natural products they are making.
Nguta J.M., Mbaria P.K., Gakuya D.W., Gathumbi P.K., Kiama S.G. (Mar 2010). Antimalarial Herbal remedies of Msambweni, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 128: 424-432.
• Curriculum update: All three Universities have an approved Msc Curriculum now.
• Faith Mabiki (PhD student SUA) won a scholarship award from the Royal Society of Chemistry (Analytical Chemistry Trust Fund for Developing World Scholarship). The scholarship supported her to work at the University of York, Chemistry department, Green Chemistry Centre for two months (January – March 2010). The student took the advantage of this scholarship to characterize the compounds that she isolated from fractions of crude extracts from Synadenium spp. Her overall progress is good.
• Gaymary Bakari (PhD student SUA) was given an opportunity to work in one of the collaborating institutions in Tanzania; the Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). During January – February 2010 she was fully involved in isolation and characterization of the compounds from fractions of crude extracts from Commiphora spp. Her overall progress is good.
• Both SUA beneficiary PhD students are compiling and analysing the data available with the aim of preparing manuscripts for publication in refereed and peer reviewed Journal.
• The Network developed criteria for recruiting MSc students, an advert was circulated and Committees are now receiving applications until 20th March 2010.
• All Network PhD Students are currently in Nairobi, Kenya for training in the use of screens-to-nature kits to test for pharmacological activity in plants under the Global Institute for Bio-Exploration (GIBEX).
• Every Wednesday, the PhD students hold seminars, and every last Friday of the month they present their PhD preliminary findings.
• The Network is currently organizing the “RISE-AFNNET Natural Products Think-tank Forum” / Uganda Chapter. It brings together all stakeholders (academic, private sector and government) with an interest and expertise in the various areas of the natural product industry. The first event and launch will be held on the 9th of April 2010 with a National Scientific Conference.
1. Our students are back from the field and have started lab-work on the natural products samples they collected.
2. One of our students, Jane Namukobe, got a baby boy 2 weeks ago. The AFNNET family is also expanding socially.
3. Corrections suggested by the Senate in the MSc NP curriculum have been effected and the final document submitted for approval. The Senate sits on Feb 10th, 2010 to look at the corrected version.
4. Preparations are now underway to have our students present their preliminary findings to the stakeholders at the National level (Uganda) in the last week of February.
Mabiki, F.P., Gaymary, B.G., Magadula, J.J., Mdegela, R.H. and Mosha, R.D. Feasibility of Controlling Potential Diseases in Livestock Using Synadenium spp in Tanzania. Proceedings of the 4th PANTIL Scientific Conference titled “Research Initiative For Improvement of Livelihood, Contribution of SUA and her Partners” held in Morogoro Hotel, Morogoro, Tanzania 19th-25th October, 2009. Pp 125 – 133.
RISE visit: Dr. Tade Aina, Program Director, Higher Education in Africa at Carnegie Corporation visited the Secretariat. He shared his experiences in helping students achieve the most in the shortest time as well as how to spread the natural products network across the continent. The network learned a great deal from his vast experiences.
Strategic planning meetings: The draft of the strategic plan for RISE-AFNNET is ready and shall be subjected to debate during the discretionary workshops in Nairobi and Kampala early next year.
Natural products training in Ethiopia: RISE-AFNNET sent PhD student John Odda for a week-long natural products training visit to Addis Ababa as part of his PhD work. Ms. Jane Namukobe will be travelling to Berlin, Germany for a month-long similar training experience in November 2009.
Full RISE meeting: There was a 2-day meeting in September 2009 in Nairobi between Carnegie, SIG, AAS and the RISE networks to review progress and discuss challenges and opportunities in RISE.
Curriculum update: The Makerere University Senate indicated that MSc students shall be ready to start in February 2010. This followed the submission and approval of the Curriculum by the University Graduate School.
Discretionary grant activities: A one-day workshop was held at Sokoine University with stakeholders from the natural products industry in Tanzania and delegates from Uganda and Nairobi. Synergy for MSc training and networking was a center-stage topic. Such workshops shall continue in Nairobi and Kampala next year.
Time frame of activities: Students have been given timeframes for their academic progress. This is punctuated by regular oral presentations of their monthly activities.
Visit by Alan Anderson: Preparations are underway to receive Alan at Makerere University where he will be meeting RISE beneficiaries, trainers and mentors in the areas of natural products and water safety between 8th and 10th November 2009.
July 2009: The development MSc Curriculum on Natural Products Technology and Value Chain has been completed and submitted to Graduate School for consideration by the Board of Graduate studies of Makerere University.
PhD students from the Kenyan Node have held stakeholders workshop with herbalists at Msambweni, Mombasa; Machakos, Eastern Province and Malaral, North Eastern province. They have had their questionnaires pre-tested during the workshops.
The RISE-AFNNET Curriculum for the MSc in Natural Products Technology & Value chain Management: The various nodes went through a rigorous phase of reviewing and updating the credit courses through stakeholder consultations. The draft national curricula were reviewed. The generic curriculum is now available in more detail. More stakeholder consultations and international reviews are however required to make a truly internationally accredited program. At Makerere, generic Course coordination was distributed as follows:
Introduction to Natural Products Science and industry
|Physiological Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University||Prof. Deo Olila|
Natural Products and the Environment
|Institute of Environment & Natural Resources, Makerere University||Prof. John Tabuti|
Analytical Techniques for Natural Products
|Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Makerere University||Prof. Steven Nyanzi|
Natural Products and Biological Systems Interactions
|Physiological Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University||Prof. J. D. Kabasa|
Bio-prospecting and Value Chains
|Pharmacy Dept., School of Health Sciences, Makerere University||Dr. Berna Onegi|
|Natural Chemo-therapeutics Research Laboratory||Dr. G. Nambatya-Kyeyune|
Natural Products Safety and Efficacy
|Dept. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, School of Health Sciences, Makerere University||Prof. Paul Waako|
Research Methods and Communication
|Institute of Environment & Natural Resources, Makerere University||Prof. John Tabuti|
Natural Products Entrepreneurship and Economics
|Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University||Dr. Anthony Mugisha|
Natural Products Policy, Gender and Ethics
|Anatomy Dept., School of Health Sciences, Makerere University||Dr. Joseph Ochieng|
A similar activity is being undertaken at Nairobi and Sokoine University. The coordinators have been asked to add the following detailed items to their modules: Course objectives, Learning objectives, Detailed course content, Course delivery, Reading lists and Staffing.
PhD Research: All PhD candidates were provisionally admitted by the Graduate School. As a requirement, detailed proposal writing, literature search and seminars have been the subject for May 2009 activities. Candidates are expected to engage in more field work in June. At Makerere, candidates are under the guidance of the following academic advisers:
(i) Ms. Namukobe Jane, Department of Chemistry, Makerere University
Academic Advisors: Prof. Bernard Kiremire and Prof. John Kasenene
(ii) Mrs. Esther Ebifa Othieno, Department of Geography, Kyambogo University
Academic Advisors: Prof. John D. Kabasa and Assoc. Prof. Phillip Nyeko
(iii) Mr. Patrick Ogwang Engeu, Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Laboratory
Academic Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Celestino Obua and Assoc. Prof. Deogracius Olila
(iv) Mr. John Leslie Odda, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, School of Health Science, Makerere University
Academic Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Paul Waako and Assoc. Prof. Celestino Obua
(v) Mr. Peregrine Sebulime, Department of Wildlife & Animal Resources Management, Makerere University.
Academic Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Michael Ocaido and Dr. Samuel Okello
The following PhD students have already submitted their full proposals together with their budgets for funding:
(i) Mr. Patrick Ogwang Engeu, M Sc, B Pharmacy (Mak), Research Officer, Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Laboratory, Ministry of Health
(ii) Mr. John Leslie Odda, M Sc (Alabama), BBLT (Mak), Research Assistant, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, School of Health Science, Makerere University
The final decision regarding the disbursement of funds will be taken shortly when the Makerere Node sits to look at the budgets. The other candidates have been given the deadline of Friday, 29th May, 2009 to submit their detailed proposals.
PhD Students at Makerere
The following PhD students have received their provisional admissions and are due to make the final presentations of the full research proposals to the Research & Higher degrees of the Faculty in two weeks time:
Ms. Namukobe Jane, M Sc, B Sc (Mak), Teaching Assistant, Department of Chemistry, Makerere University
Research Topic: “Bioactive compounds from selected traditional medicinal plants used by communities of Chimpanzees in and around Kibale National Park”
Mrs. Esther Ebifa Othieno, M Sc, B Sc (Mak), Lecturer, Department of Geography, Kyambogo University, Uganda
Research Topic: “Neglected foods and beverages: a case study of Tamarind tree products used in selected areas of Uganda”
Mr. Patrick Ogwang Engeu, M Sc, B Pharmacy (Mak), Research Officer, Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Laboratory, Ministry of Health of Uganda
Research topic: “Malaria prevention beverage from Artemisia afra boosted with selected extracts of aromatic medicinal plants in Uganda”
Mr. John Leslie Odda, M Sc (Alabama), BBLT (Mak), Research Assistant, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, School of Health Science, Makerere University, Uganda
Research topic: “Evaluation of some Ugandan medicinal herbs: larvicidal activity, mosquito repellant activity chemical constituents and value addition”
Mr. Peregrine Sebulime, M. Sc, B. Sc (Mak), Teaching Assistant, Department of Wildlife & Animal resources management, Makerere University
Research topic: "Assessment of nutritive value of non-exotic chicken meat and efficiency of free-range poultry units in selected areas of Northern Uganda"
MSc Curriculum Development
• The Curriculum Development Workshop for the MSc in Natural Products Technology & Value Chain was held from Tuesday, 14th to Friday, 17th April, 2009. The workshop brought together three delegates from the RISE-AFNNET Node at the University of Nairobi (UoN) and two from Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), and nineteen from various partner departments of Makerere University.
• Workshop of further development of the MSc curriculum on Natural Products Technology & Value Chain was held on Monday, 20th April, 2009. Delegates were key stakeholders from Makerere University and collaborating institutions. After this workshop, the curriculum was believed to be ready for submission to the graduate schools of node Universities for the approval processes.
RISE-AFNNET held an inception workshop November 10-12th to orient the main stakeholders and commence operations.
Possible areas of study for short-term training within the network include mushroom technology and biotechnology, bee keeping and honey production, cosmetology, analytic and structural chemistry, natural products harvesting, neutraceuticals and medicinal natural products, medicinal plant agriculture, artemisia production and use, natural product preservation techniques, and pumpkin oil and germs.
Three students have commenced studies for their PhDs at the University of Nairobi. They will be investigating the following topics:
|Irene Kamanja: “Pharmacological and Toxicological study of Clerodendron myricoides, an ethnomedical herbal remedy used in Kenya”|
|Stanley Wambugu: “Evaluation of pain alleviating anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatoidal properties of selected Kenyan medicinal plants”|
|Joseph Nguta: "Pharmacological and Toxicological study of antimalarial herbal plants in selected areas of Kenya”|
Two students have commenced studies for their PhDs at the Sokoine University of Agriculture. They will be investigating the following topics:
“Potential Antifungal and Antibacterial Compounds and Extracts from Synadenium glaucescens (Euphorbiaceae)”
“Potential of Using Commiphora swynnertonii as an Anthelmintic and Antimicrobial in Ruminants”
Five students have commenced studies for their PhDs at Makerere University. They will be investigating the following topics:
“Bioactive compounds from selected traditional medicinal plants used by communities of Chimpanzees in and around Kibale National Park”
“Neglected foods and beverages: a case study of Tamarind tree products used in selected areas of Uganda”
“Malaria prevention beverage from Artemisia afra boosted with selected extracts of aromatic medicinal plants in Uganda”
“Evaluation of some Ugandan medicinal herbs: larvicidal activity, mosquito repellant activity chemical constituents and value addition”
(one student's proposal is still being developed)
A natural products curriculum to be shared among the nodes is being developed. Since inception, all RISE-AFNNET nodes have been establishing partnerships with in-country natural products stakeholders. Consultative meetings in Tazania have occurred with the Director of the Institute of Tradition Medicine, Muhimbili Medical Centre in Dar es Salaam; the heads of the Ethnoveterinary Unit of the Animal Disease Research Institute; and the Biotechnology for Tissue Culture and Propagation section of the Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute. Additional contacts have been made with pharmaceutical industries/companies that are interested in natural products in all partner countries.
Developments in the near future include an April meeting on MSc curriculum development and a RISE-AFNNET website.